The History of Harriet Tubman
Did you know her birth name was Araminta Ross?
Known for her courage, bravery, and persistence, Harriet Tubman was able to lead dozens of slaves into freedom, and became one of the most influential leaders in that time period.
Born as a slave in Maryland, Tubman led a harsh life, full of beatings and terrible treatment. Fleeing slavery in 1849, she left her husband and family behind, but returned back into the south at least 19 more times. She then freed her own family and dozens of others as well-- and never allowed a single slave to turn back.
Despite having a bounty on her head, with a reward of $40,000 for anyone who catches her, she continued her journeys through the Underground Railroad and served as a scout, spy, and nurse during the Civil War.
Though religious and spiritual, Harriet was also very tough and authoritative, always having a pistol always by her side. Not only was the gun there for self-defense, but it also forced slaves to do what she told -- otherwise she would threaten to shoot.
The Civil War
During the Civil War, she worked as a nurse, helping wounded soldiers of all color, in Florida and the Carolinas. She also worked as a spy and scout, using her small frame to stay unnoticed. Despite all her hard work, Tubman struggled financially and had to sell pies, gingerbread, and root beer.
Once the Civil War ended, she returned to New York and helped take care of a few relatives. Money was still a pressing issue, so she ended up selling her biographies and giving speeches.
Inspiration To All
In 1896, Tubman gave a memorable speech in Washington, DC in front of the National Association of Colored Women. Two generations of women came together to celebrate the strength of unity, and the struggle for equal rights and respect.