That means, when a noun ends in -y, you’ll be using one of these rules to make that noun plural! Remember, with FactSumo, it’s all about going at your own pace. We want you to feel the confidence you need to succeed.
by Brendan Bense
April 10, 2019
There are two new rules we’re adding to our repertoire today, and they both have to do with Y Endings. That means, when a noun ends in -y, you’ll be using one of these rules to make that noun plural! Remember, with FactSumo, it’s all about going at your own pace. We want you to feel the confidence you need to succeed. These rules are pretty straightforward and don’t have exceptions, so let’s get to work!
For nouns that end in consonant + -y, change the “y” to “-ies” to make them plural.
This is the first rule we’ve ever encountered where we must change the ending of a word to make it plural. We simply don’t add -s! This can trip up a lot of new students who are learning English, so pay attention. Not only that, but this rule requires us to look at whether a noun contains a consonant ending as well. Remember, consonants are English letters that are not vowels. The vowels in English are: a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. So, if a noun has a consonant + -y ending, we change just the last letter to -ies. This creates a brand new plural word. If there is more than one french fry left on the plate, we would say there are many french fries left!
If you have more than one hobby, that means you have many hobbies. Notice how the word hobby ends in -by, which is a consonant and -y! So all we have to do is change the -y to -ies.
For nouns that end in a vowel + -y, change the “-y” to “-ys” to make them plural.
For our fourth rule, we looked at endings that involved consonants. Now, we’ll look at endings that have to do with vowels. As we explained above, the vowels in English are: a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. This rule is a little easier because there are only five vowels to look out for, and we don’t have to change the ending much to get a plural noun. In fact, we really just need to add -s to the -y ending! Some common words include: turkeys, monkeys, and keys!
The key difference in these rules is the letter that comes before the -y ending in the noun. Once you know that, just refer to rule four or five to find out which ending you need to use!
We’re happy you stayed with us for our second episode! What did you think of Y Endings? We think you got the hang of them, but if not, you can always go back to reread and study the examples in detail. Why not test your skills with our deck on Y Endings? FactSumo’s deck is designed with the student in mind: hone your skills, practice your weaknesses, and feel confident in plural endings! FactSumo is here to help with all your studying needs.
Feeling really confident? Good! That means the third episode, F, FE Endings, is just a click away! Why don’t you head there now to see what’s in store for you? If you don’t think you’re ready to continue, no pressure! We want you to learn at your own pace. Either way, see you soon on FactSumo!